Decades of growth in transnational business activities have had a decisive influence on the realisation of the human rights of people in States that host foreign investment projects. The system of international human rights law has needed to respond to this development. As a result, the understanding of the scope of a States? human rights obligations has progressively evolved to include duties to exercise jurisdiction over activities that are connected to one State but have an impact in another. Extraterritorial obligations (ETOs) derive their name because they refer to obligations arising from activities that take place or have effect outside of a state?s territory, but are in some way associated with that state.
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